Avogadro

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n Avogadro Italian physicist noted for his work on gases; proposed what has come to be called Avogadro's law (1776-1856)
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Usage

In literature:

And with that the law of Avogadro dropped out of sight for a full generation.
"A History of Science, Volume 4(of 5)" by Henry Smith Williams
This is a scientific victory which dwarfs the work of Helmholtz, Avogadro, or Mendelejeff.
"The Crack of Doom" by Robert Cromie
Additional evidence as to the structure of the molecule was discussed by Avogadro in 1811, and by Ampere in 1814.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 1" by Various
In 1811 Avogadro distinguished between the ultimate particles of compounds and elements.
"Heroes of Science" by M. M. Pattison Muir
Avogadro's law of gaseous volumes, 28.
"A Century of Science and Other Essays" by John Fiske
According to Avogadro the water vapor contains twice as many atoms of hydrogen as of oxygen.
"An Introduction to the History of Science" by Walter Libby
Avogadro, Pietro, a Brescian, flourished about 1730.
"The History of Painting in Italy, Volume VI (of 6)" by Luigi Antonio Lanzi
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In science:

Let us further assume that this procedure requires a very large number of iterations (such as of the order of the Avogadro number) because each operation of pro jection (or measurement) in practice is carried out by a macroscopically large number of microscopic processes.
Founding quantum theory on the basis of consciousness
Therefore the relevance of the asymptotic predictions for systems of practical sizes, which in computer science are not at the scale of the Avogadro number, remained almost untouched.
Exhaustive enumeration unveils clustering and freezing in random 3-SAT
But in practice for a cubic centimeter of ordinary matter, N is given essentially by Avogadro’s number, NA ≃ 6 × 1023 .
A Pedestrian Introduction to the Mathematical Concepts of Quantum Physics
As macroscopic ob jects are composed of many atoms (Avogadro constant NA ≈ 6 × 1023mol−1 ), and thus, ions and electrons, it turns out that the corresponding mathematical notion is the thermodynamic limit.
The Existence of the Thermodynamic Limit for the System of Interacting Quantum Particles in Random Media
The universe starting age τ0 establishes the ‘macro’ scale of laboratory physics (~ 1 km)--in effect determining Avogadro’s number.
Unification of Gravity with Electromagnetism
Nββ is the number of observed β β decaying nuclei, NA is the Avogadro number, and k is the number of decaying nuclei per molecule.
Recent advances in neutrinoless double beta decay search
Aeff is the effective mass number of the air, X0 is a constant, and NA is Avogadro’s number.
Phenomenology of cosmic ray air showers
NA = 6.022 × 1023 mol−1 is the Avogadro constant, ρ is the density of the material and hZ/Ai is the average ratio of the proton number and the mass number of the material as given in Table 1.
Neutrino Signals from Dark Matter Decay
M is the used mass and NA is the Avogadro constant.
Consistency test of neutrinoless double beta decay with one isotope
N is Avogadro’s number, re is the classical electron radius and A, Z are the atomic weight and atomic number of the scattering element.
Techniques of Proton Radiotherapy: Transport Theory
NN is the nucleon density and is given by NN = ρE NA with NA Avogadro’s number.
Neutrino mixing and masses from long baseline and atmospheric oscillation experiments
NA is the Avogadro number, ǫ = 0.9 - the detector efficiency.
The Lake Baikal neutrino experiment: selected results
It is referred to as the active target mass A and is given by A = NA × 109 × Md × Np × Ny , where NA is Avogadro’s number.
Neutrino Interactions In Oscillation Experiments
In Eq. (1), v is the relative velocity, NA is Avogadro’s number, µ is the dimensionless reduced mass, and kB is Boltzmann’s constant.
Cross section predictions for hydrostatic and explosive burning
Versuche zur Messung der Avogadro-Loschmidtschen Zeit aus der Brownschen bewegung einer Drehwaage.
Deterministic Brownian Motion: The Effects of Perturbing a Dynamical System by a Chaotic Semi-Dynamical System
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