Atomicity

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Atomicity (Chem) Degree of atomic attraction; equivalence; valence; also (a later use) the number of atoms in an elementary molecule. See Valence.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Every photograph of the first American atomic bomb detonation was taken by Harold Edgerton
    • n atomicity In chem., same as equivalency and quantivalency.
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Quotations

  • Kabbalah
    Kabbalah
    “The atom, being for all practical purposes the stable unit of the physical plane, is a constantly changing vortex of reactions.”
  • Paul Vernon Buser
    Paul Vernon Buser
    “Desire, like the atom, is explosive with creative force.”
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson
    Ralph%20Waldo%20Emerson
    “'Tis a superstition to insist on a special diet. All is made at last of the same chemical atoms.”
  • Mahatma Gandhi
    Mahatma%20Gandhi
    “As human beings, our greatness lies not so much in being able to remake the world -- that is the myth of the atomic age -- as in being able to remake ourselves.”
  • Albert Einstein
    Albert%20Einstein
    “The unleashed power of the atom has changed everything save our modes of thinking and we thus drift toward unparalleled catastrophe.”
  • Charles De Gaulle
    Charles%20De%20Gaulle
    “No country without an atom bomb could properly consider itself independent.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. F. atomicité,

Usage

In literature:

It is composed of two atoms of water, one atom of lime, and one atom of phosphoric acid.
"Talks on Manures" by Joseph Harris
They came to the Argentine in the Year Three, Atomic Era.
"Uller Uprising" by Henry Beam Piper, John D. Clark and John F. Carr
Seems they've been trying to reach you all over Atom City.
"Stand by for Mars!" by Carey Rockwell
The molecules of iron, gold, hydrogen, oxygen, carbon, appear to be groups of atoms.
"The Arena" by Various
If there is to be an eternal series of cycles involving the whole universe, it is plain that not one single atom must be excluded.
"Selections from Previous Worksand Remarks on Romanes' Mental Evolution in Animals" by Samuel Butler
The crew could have abandoned ship, but they chose to remain with it and were blown to atoms.
"Danger in Deep Space" by Carey Rockwell
The same shell (pipsqueaks we call them) striking the roof of one of our trench dug-outs would blow us all to atoms.
"The Red Horizon" by Patrick MacGill
The atomic weight of cadmium was found by O.W.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Part 4" by Various
A receiver of stolen goods is not an atom better than a thief.
"Chatterbox, 1905." by Various
We are in an advanced time plane, living faster than they, our atoms of fuel are destroyed faster, our second is shorter.
"Invaders from the Infinite" by John Wood Campbell
Corpuscles form atoms, atoms form molecules, small molecules large ones.
"The Outline of Science, Vol. 1 (of 4)" by J. Arthur Thomson
One molecule of water, therefore, has three atoms, two of the atoms being hydrogen, and one atom oxygen.
"The Wonder Island Boys: Exploring the Island" by Roger Thompson Finlay
It was collapsed matter, the electron shells of the atoms collapsed upon the nuclei, the atoms in actual contact.
"The Cosmic Computer" by Henry Beam Piper
They had them on Terra, back as far as the Second Century Pre-Atomic.
"Space Viking" by Henry Beam Piper
If two atoms of oxygen combine with one atom of zinc, the ratio by weight between the two atoms will be 8: 65.4.
"An Elementary Study of Chemistry" by William McPherson
Do you know what intra-atomic energy is?
"The Skylark of Space" by Edward Elmer Smith and Lee Hawkins Garby
Most of them were Earth's ancient history, from earliest beginnings to the dawn of atomic power.
"The Status Civilization" by Robert Sheckley
The neck of the bottle will contain the atomic generator.
"Islands of Space" by John W Campbell
Is it possible that the Infinite could not overwhelm with waves this atom called the earth?
"The Works of Robert G. Ingersoll, Vol. 2 (of 12) Dresden Edition--Lectures" by Robert G. Ingersoll
In a flame we set up light vibrations by causing molecules, or atoms, to collide.
"The inventions, researches and writings of Nikola Tesla" by Thomas Commerford Martin
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In poetry:

The voice still saith, "While atoms weave
Both world and soul for utmost joy,
Who sins must suffer, — no reprieve;
The law that quickens must destroy."
"Aeropagus" by Edith Wharton
The force of suns had waned beyond recall.
Chaos was re-established over all,
Where lifeless atoms through forgetful deeps
Fled unrelated, cold, immusical.
"The Abyss Triumphant" by Clark Ashton Smith
'Tis through Love that atom pairs with atom,
In a harmony eternal, sure;
And 'tis Love that links the spheres together—
Through her only, systems can endure.
"Fantasie -- To Laura" by Friedrich von Schiller
LYSANDER. I regard
What you saw but as the play
Of your fancy and your fear.
Melancholy surely may
Have, the man that you saw here,
Formed from atoms of the day.
"The Wonder-Working Magician - Act III" by Denis Florence MacCarthy
'Tis Thy bright presence makes all nature pregnant,
Pregnant with beauty—'tis Thy sacred presence
Fills all creation.—I am but an atom—
Deign, Lord! to hear me.
"Winter: Saturday Evening" by John Bowring
Impotent atom with desolate gaze
Threading the tumult of hazardous ways--
Oh, for the veils, for the veils of my youth
Veils that hung low o'er the blaze of the truth!
"Lost Illusions" by Georgia Douglas Johnson

In news:

Atomic Mama members get their bodies out of the sun.
Looks like Atomic Comics & Gaming was just prolonging the inevitable.
After announcing it would close, only to change its mind to stay open, Atomic Comics has decided to shut its doors for good after all.
No planet-eating black hole from atom smasher, court says.
(AP) — Mobile solutions company Atomic Axis plans to open a satellite office in downtown Blacksburg .
"It only took two atomic bombs to force the Japanese to surrender.".
The Hilltop Bar on Atomic Road in Jackson reported that it appeared an unknown subject had attempted to gain entry by kicking in the front door on Saturday.
Writer and graphic artist Jonathan Fetter-Vorm has created an informative and moving history of the making of the atomic bomb.
12 great quotes from a man at the nucleus of atomic understanding.
Google honors the Danish Physicist with Atomic-themed doodle.
A peace group based in Santa Barbara is going to honor a survivor of the atomic bombing of the Japanese city of Hiroshima during World War Two.
Opposition to 1960s discrimination was 'like atomic bomb' in Miss.
Bulgarian Cabinet Faces No-Confidence Vote Over Atomic Plant.
Syria, itself suspected of illicit nuclear activity, accused the West at a major UN meeting on Wednesday of double standards in implicitly condoning an Israeli atomic arsenal and warned of.
Intel plans to launch a version of its Atom processor at less than 10 watts in 2012, Intel executives said Tuesday, as well as a sub-15-watt Xeon that uses the "Sandy Bridge" architecture later this year.
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In science:

The scope specifier controls the effect of circumscription: Atoms that occur just in a positive literal in the scope are minimized; symmetrically, atoms that occur just negatively are maximized; atoms that occur in both polarities are fixed; and atoms that do not at al l occur in the scope are allowed to vary.
Computing with Logic as Operator Elimination: The ToyElim System
FIG. 4. (Color online) Orbital-resolved band structure for the Li-intercalated epitaxial graphene system, showing the contributions of the (a) 2pz orbitals originating from the graphene C atoms, (b) all orbitals originating from Li atoms and (c) all orbitals originating from the substrate C/Si atoms.
Role of covalent and metallic intercalation on the electronic properties of epitaxial graphene on SiC(0001)
Given an atomic measure µ, the col lection of µ-atoms wil l be denoted Atomµ .
Effective randomness, strong reductions and Demuth's theorem
Ef) with 0.358 states/eV/atom, the n(Ef) of the W5Si3-prototype phase is equal to 0.474 states/eV/atom, and the Mn5Si3-prototype phase has the largest n(Ef) with 0.697 states/eV/atom. Generally speaking, the smaller n(Ef) is, the more stable the compound is.
Phase stability and physical properties of Ta5Si3 compounds from first-principles calculations,
At this distance, direct interaction between the atoms is negligible and classical microwave and optical fields used to perform measurements on one atom have no influence on the other atom.
Security of practical private randomness generation
In describing the ion−atom collisions, the MOT atom temperature of ≈100 µK permits the setting of atom velocity, vA = 0.
Sympathetic and swap cooling of trapped ions by cold atoms in a MOT
The vacuum apparatus consists of three main building blocks. A MOT chamber for trapping and laser cooling Rb atoms. A BEC chamber for evaporative cooling of the Rb atoms. A “science chamber ” that houses the ion trap and where the ion-atom collision experiments take place.
An apparatus for immersing trapped ions into an ultracold gas of neutral atoms
The depletion is due to elastic collisions between atoms and ions in which atoms simply get kicked out of the shallow lattice potential and are lost.17 The loss is local due to the strong con finement in the lattice sites which prevents atoms outside the ion cloud from reaching the ions.
An apparatus for immersing trapped ions into an ultracold gas of neutral atoms
Rydberg atoms in HQCs — Rydberg atoms possessing large electric-dipole moments and suitable frequencies can also be used in atomic HQCs with SC qubits.
Hybrid quantum circuits: Superconducting circuits interacting with other quantum systems
Later on, blockade phenomena have been intensively studied in different realizations with atomic Rydberg gases, where the long-range inter-atomic dipoledipole interactions prevent the excitation of two identical atoms by the absorption of two photons of the same energy .
Overcoming blockade in producing doubly-excited dimers by a single intense pulse and their decay
Given two Morita-equivalent theories T and T′ , T is atomic and complete (resp., is atomic and complete and has a special model) if and only if T′ is atomic and complete (resp., is atomic and complete and has a special model).
Topological Galois Theory
This motivates the following definition: we shall say that a category C is atomical ly complete if is satisfies AP, the atomic topology on C op is subcanonical and every atom of the topos Sh(C op , Jat) is, up to isomorphism, of the form l(c) for some ob ject c ∈ C .
Topological Galois Theory
In a cold atom gas, to generate the repulsive interaction experimentalists exploit a Feshbach resonance between the free atoms in the Fermi sea and the bound state of two atoms to generate a positive scattering length.
Itinerant ferromagnetism with finite ranged interactions
R d~r |w(~r )|4 represents the effective onsite atom-atom represents the two-body atom-atom coupling where
Achieving the Quantum Ground State of a Mechanical Oscillator using a Bose-Einstein Condensate with Back-Action and Cold Damping feedback schemes
However, if we would instantiate (cid:0) in De(cid:12)nition  to the set of atoms, then the greatest specialization of two atoms in the set of atoms should itself also be an atom.
Least Generalizations and Greatest Specializations of Sets of Clauses
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