Arriere-ban

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Arriere-ban A proclamation, as of the French kings, calling not only their immediate feudatories, but the vassals of these feudatories, to take the field for war; also, the body of vassals called or liable to be called to arms, as in ancient France.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n arriere-ban In the early feudal state, the summons of the sovereign to all freemen, calling them to the field with their vassals, equipment, and three months' provisions. Neglect to obey the summons brought fines or even loss of the fief. Hence The military force thus liable to be called out. Formerly written arierban. [The misunderstanding of the first element (see etymology) led to the use of ban et arrière-ban, English ban (or van) and arrier-ban (or -van), with an artificial distinction, the ban being supposed to refer to the immediate feudatories of the sovereign, and the arrière-ban to the vassals of the latter, or the holders of arrière-fiefs.]
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Arriere-ban är′yer-bän or ä-rēr′ban in feudal times, the sovereign's summons to all freemen to take the field: the army thus collected.
    • n Arriere-ban är′yer-bän or ä-rēr′ban, in feudal times, the sovereign's summons to all freemen to take the field: the army thus collected.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F., fr. OE. arban, heriban, fr. OHG. hariban, heriban, G. heerbann, the calling together of an army; OHG. heri, an army + ban, a public call or order. The French have misunderstood their old word, and have changed it into arrière-ban, though arrière, has no connection with its proper meaning. See Ban Abandon
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. ariereban, Old High Ger. hari, army, and ban, public proclamation.

Usage

In literature:

In the 17th and 18th centuries the ban and arriere-ban were lacking in discipline when called out, and were last summoned in 1758.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Part 1, Slice 2" by Various
The Suabian arrier-ban is up in arms; horses and riders, as many as have a sword and shield hanging on their walls, are ready.
"Ekkehard. Vol. I (of II)" by Joseph Victor Scheffel
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