• Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Ariel (Zoöl) A variety of the gazelle (Antilope dorcasorGazella, dorcas), found in Arabia and adjacent countries.
    • n Ariel In the Cabala, a water spirit; in later folklore, a light and graceful spirit of the air.☞ In zoölogy, ariel is used adjectively of certain birds noted for their graceful flight; as, the ariel toucan; the ariel petrel.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n Ariel [lowercase] An altar. See etymology and quotation.
    • n Ariel The innermost of the satellites of Uranus, discovered by Lassell in 1851. It revolves about its primary in 2½ days.
    • n Ariel [lowercase] In ornithology, applied to sundry birds of buoyant airy flight: as, the ariel swallow, Chelidon ariel; the ariel petrel, Procellaria ariel; the ariel toucan, Rhamphastos ariel.
    • n Ariel In zoology, an Arabian gazel, Gazella dama.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Ariel ā′ri-el a man's name in the Old Testament, variously explained as 'lion of God,' 'hearth of God:' in later demonology, a water-spirit: an angel: a spirit of the air.
    • n Ariel ā′ri-el a species of gazelle in Western Asia.
    • ***


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Heb. ariël, perh. confused with E. aërial,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Ar. aryil.


In literature:

The ship which the French Government finally fitted out and put in command of Paul Jones was the "Ariel," a small twenty-gun ship.
"The Naval History of the United States" by Willis J. Abbot
Not Ariel under the bough is more exempt from humanity than Edward Worrell.
"The International Magazine, Volume 2, No. 2, January, 1851" by Various
The same day that the Julia entered, the Ariel left the river.
"The Expedition to Borneo of H.M.S. Dido" by Henry Keppel
It was not until December 18 that the Ariel got under way again for America.
"Paul Jones" by Hutchins Hapgood
But what had Ariel to do with pounds and dollars, roubles and marks?
"Mummery" by Gilbert Cannan
But they were as purely fictitious as Caliban or Ariel.
"Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, Volume 59, No. 367, May 1846" by Various
Him and me together can do Ariel and Prospero without a scratch of make-up.
"In the Heart of a Fool" by William Allen White
Ariel is a name of a spirit in mediaeval literature of cabalistic secrets.
"An Introduction to Shakespeare" by H. N. MacCracken
His poetical genius is like Ariel confined in a pine-tree, and requires an artificial process to let it out.
"Hazlitt on English Literature" by Jacob Zeitlin
He has been Ariel now for a week, and it's very convenient, for there are many errands to be done.
"The Wide Awake Girls in Winsted" by Katharine Ellis Barrett
Never arose a clearer or lovelier October morning than that which was to start the Ariel on her watery pilgrimage.
"The Pearl of Orr's Island" by Harriet Beecher Stowe
This afternoon the Ariel who supplied her happiest successes was apparently close at hand.
"Loyal to the School" by Angela Brazil
Ariel, fairy so called, 83, 162.
"Folk-lore of Shakespeare" by Thomas Firminger Thiselton-Dyer
Shakespeare accordingly employs Prospero, Ariel, and Caliban to personate this fabled enchantment of the island.
"History of the Colony and Ancient Dominion of Virginia" by Charles Campbell
We are a gay tribe of Ariels, too light to discuss even our own trade.
"A Novelist on Novels" by W. L. George
Ariel, Prospero, and even Caliban are proper figures for a court show.
"How Shakspere Came to Write the Tempest" by Rudyard Kipling
Altogether, she looked an Ariel woven magically from the smoke of London.
"Carnival" by Compton Mackenzie
It is the Ariel in Stevenson that outlasts for me the other moods.
"The Vagabond in Literature" by Arthur Rickett
This is a curious passage: the writer had perhaps in his recollection the speech of Ariel in the "Tempest," act i. sc.
"A Select Collection of Old English Plays" by Robert Dodsley
But for him Ayala would run about as though she were a tricksy Ariel.
"Ayala's Angel" by Anthony Trollope

In poetry:

Christ follows Dionysus,
Phallic and ambrosial
Made way for macerations;
Caliban casts out Ariel.
"E.P. Ode Pour L'election De Son Sepulchre" by Ezra Pound
Listen: less a strain ideal
Than Ariel's rendering of the Real.
What that Real is, let hint
A picture stamped in memory's mint.
"The Aeolian Harp" by Herman Melville
O, the sailors--O, the sails!
O, the lost crews never heard of!
Well the harp of Ariel wails
Thought that tongue can tell no word of!
"The Aeolian Harp" by Herman Melville
On the hearth the lighted logs are glowing,
And like Ariel in the cloven pine-tree
For its freedom
Groans and sighs the air imprisoned in them.
"The Golden Mile-Stone. (Birds Of Passage. Flight The First)" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Over the monstrous shambling sea,
Over the Caliban sea,
Bright Ariel-cloud, thou lingerest:
Oh wait, oh wait, in the warm red West, --
Thy Prospero I'll be.
"Marsh Song -- At Sunset." by Sidney Lanier
Miranda-like, above the world she waves
The wand of Prospero; and, beautiful,
Ariel the airy, Caliban the dull,--
Lightning and steam,--are her unwilling slaves.
"Musings" by Madison Julius Cawein

In news:

Ariel Winter is now under judge-mandated guardianship by her sister Shanelle Workman.
Ariel Winter's dad wins temporary control of her estate .
Ariel Winter's dad to handle 'Modern Family' star's finances .
Kenny Wormald plays Ren and Julianne Hough plays Ariel in " Footloose .".
Julianne Hough plays Ariel (center) and Kenny Wormald plays Ren (center right) in Footloose .
Groupon elected Ariel Investments President Mellody Hobson to its board of directors (Image: File).
Ariel Winter gets glam with sister, niece.
This is my granddaughter, Ariel Eden, all dressed up for her first night of trick or treating.
Kristen Spittle, (left) and Ilana Ariel perform the piece they wrote, "Girl on a Bridge," during the Ojai Playwrights Festival on Saturday afternoon.
Ariel Plotek, assistant curator at The San Diego Museum of Art, discusses his research into American Post-Impressionist Artist Charles Reiffel and the San Diego artist experience.
Ariel Plotek sits with his cup of coffee on the shaded west side of Giuseppe's Sculpture Court Cafe.
Ariel Investment's Jason Tyler identifies finance stocks that are poised to rebound.
Ariel Winter's dad opposes actress' guardianship.
'Modern Family's' Ariel Winter wears Katharine Kidd gown .

In science:

The brighter X-ray sources of the sky (from the 3rd Ariel V catalogue, McHardy et al. 1981) are concentrated towards the galactic plane, and in this towards the galactic center.
X-ray sources in globular clusters
I am in debt to Phil Dawid whose invitation to talk at UCL prompted the finding of the example in the paper and to Ariel Caticha, Kevin Knuth, and John Skilling for many interesting discusions.
Wrong Priors
Acknowledgements: The authors thank Ariel Yadin for useful discussions.
Linear Cover Time is Exponentially Unlikely
Itai Benjamini, Ariel Yadin, and Amir Yehudayoff, Random graphhomomorphisms and logarithmic degree, Electron. J.
Diffusivity of a random walk on random walks
Steven Berry, James Levinsohn, and Ariel Pakes.
Random Utility Theory for Social Choice
The thermal origin of the X-ray emission was finally demonstrated in 1976 and 1977, with the Ariel V detection of the 7 keV Iron line in Perseus and Centaurus by Mitchell et al.309 and Mitchell & Culhane308 (see Fig. 17), and with the analogous OSO 8 detections in Virgo, Perseus and Coma, by Serlemitsos et al.410 .
From Messier to Abell: 200 years of science with galaxy clusters
Ariel Zhintinsky talked about Q-balls tightened together by axion domain walls (unfortunately no sign of any axion has been observed yet), Jeffrey Bowers about color crystals, Madappa Prakash about strange quark matter, several others about color-flavor locking or kaon condensate.
Strange Quark Matter Theory
These HEAO-1 results are important, however, because they were able to detect fainter FXTs than Ariel-5 and WATCH.
Fast X-ray Transients and Their Connection to Gamma-Ray Bursts
These repetitions would have been seen by HEAO-1, Ariel-5, etc. if those instruments had better sky coverage or longer lifetimes.
Fast X-ray Transients and Their Connection to Gamma-Ray Bursts
Fig.3 shows the sky distribution of the events used in Fig.2 (Ariel, HEAO, and WATCH marked with crosses, and ROSAT and Einstein events marked with triangles).
Fast X-ray Transients and Their Connection to Gamma-Ray Bursts
Grindlay (1999) examined Ariel-5 and HEAO-1 data for an excess of gamma-ray quiet FXTs, above those expected from conventional gamma-ray bursts, that might indicate beaming of GRBs.
Fast X-ray Transients and Their Connection to Gamma-Ray Bursts
Some of these bursts might have been identified as FXTs by earlier experiments like Ariel-5.
Fast X-ray Transients and Their Connection to Gamma-Ray Bursts
Because the HEAO-1 experiments were sensitive to fainter events than Ariel-5, and because flare star FXTs are generally fainter than RS CVn FXTs, we expect that the ratio between late-type flare stars and RS CVns should increase as we move from the Ariel-5 to the HEAO-1 fluence band.
Fast X-ray Transients and Their Connection to Gamma-Ray Bursts
The thick solid line is best-fit power law derived from a maximum likelihood fit to Ariel-5, HEAO-1, and WATCH data, with α = 0.95 and A0 = 4 × 104 The shadowed areas show the measurements of the log N-log S distribution from each experiment, including both event statistics and systematic errors.
Fast X-ray Transients and Their Connection to Gamma-Ray Bursts
It was first detected in the Ariel V spectrum of the Perseus cluster (Mitchell et al. 1976), and OSO-8 observations of the Perseus, Coma, and Virgo Clusters (Serlemitsos et al. 1977).
Chemical Composition of the Intracluster Medium