Apodosis

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Apodosis (Gram) The consequent clause or conclusion in a conditional sentence, expressing the result, and thus distinguished from the protasis or clause which expresses a condition. Thus, in the sentence, “Though he slay me, yet will I trust in him,” the former clause is the protasis, and the latter the apodosis.☞ Some grammarians extend the terms protasis and apodosis to the introductory clause and the concluding clause, even when the sentence is not conditional.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The "if" and "then" parts of conditional ("if P then Q") statement are called the protasis (P) and apodosis (Q).
    • n apodosis In grammar, the concluding part of a conditional sentence; the consequent which results from or is dependent on the protasis, or condition; the conclusion. Thus, in the sentence, If it rains, I shall not go, the first clause is the protasis, the second the apodosis. When the protasis is introduced by such conditional conjunctions as not withstanding, though, although, the apodosis predicates something opposite to what might have been looked for: as, Although we were few in numbers (protasis), we overthrew the enemy (apodosis). By some grammarians the term is not restricted to conditional sentences, but is extended to others similarly constructed: thus, in a simile the apodosis is the application or latter part.
    • n apodosis In the Gr. Ch., the last day of a church festival when prolonged throughout several days. It is sometimes coincident with or later than the octave, but generally earlier.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Apodosis a-pod′o-sis (gram.) the consequent clause in a conditional sentence, as opp. to the Protasis.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L., fr. Gr. , fr. to give back; from, back again + to give
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr.; apo, back, didonai, to give.

Usage

In literature:

Positing what protasis would the contraction for such several schemes become a natural and necessary apodosis?
"Ulysses" by James Joyce
Respecting the imperfect in the protasis, though the apodosis contains the pluperfect, see Zumpt, S 525.
"De Bello Catilinario et Jugurthino" by Caius Sallustii Crispi (Sallustius)
Here we regularly have the Indicative in both Protasis and Apodosis.
"New Latin Grammar" by Charles E. Bennett
It consists of two parts, a protasis and an apodosis.
"The Simpkins Plot" by George A. Birmingham
The apodosis he would not have denied.
"Letters of Lord Acton" by Lord Acton
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