Anacardium

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n Anacardium type genus of the Anacardiaceae: cashew
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Anacardium (Bot) A genus of plants including the cashew tree. See Cashew.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n anacardium A genus of shrubs and trees, natural order Anacardiaceæ, natives of tropical America. They bear a kidney-shaped drupe at the summit of a fleshy receptacle, the thickened disk and peduncle of the. flower. In the cashew-tree, A. occidentale, the principal species, this receptacle resembles a pear in shape and size, and is edible, having an agreeable acid though somewhat astringent flavor. The drupes are roasted, and the kernels, having their intense acridity thus destroyed, become the pleasant and wholesome cashew-nuts. The tree yields a gum having qualities like those of gum arabic, imported from South America under the name of acajou.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
[NL., fr. Gr. similar to + heart; -- the fruit of this plant being thought to resemble the heart of a bird.]

Usage

In literature:

In a list of plants in the same volume, by F. Norona, it is termed Anacardium encardium.
"The History of Sumatra" by William Marsden
The cashoo or cashew (genus Anacardium), the pistacia, sumach, mango, &c., are members of the order.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia. Vol. 1 Part 2" by Various
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