Alcaic

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n Alcaic verse in the meter used in Greek and Latin poetry consisting of strophes of 4 tetrametric lines; reputedly invented by Alcaeus
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • a Alcaic Pertaining to Alcæus, a lyric poet of Mitylene, about 6000 b. c.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • Alcaic Pertaining to Alcæus, a lyric poet of Mytilene, in Lesbos, who flourished about 600 b. c.
    • Alcaic [lowercase] Pertaining to, of the nature of, or consisting of alcaics: as, an alcaic strophe. See II.
    • n Alcaic A line written in one of the measures invented by Alcæus. The most important one of these consists of an anacrusis, a trochee, a spondee, and two dactyls. A second consists of a catalectic iambic pentameter, of which the third foot is always a spondee, and the first may be. A third consists of two dactyls followed by two trochees. Two lines of the first, followed by one of the second and one of the third, constitute the alcaic strophe, the commonest arrangement of alcaics. The following is an example of an alcaic strophe:
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • adj Alcaic al-kā′ik of or pertaining to the Greek lyrical poet, Alcæus (c. 600 B.C.), or to the kind of verse invented by him. The most common form consists of an anacrusis, a trochee, a spondee, and two dactyls; a second, of a catalectic iambic pentameter, the third foot always being a spondee; a third, of two dactyls followed by two trochees. The most common arrangement was two lines of (1), followed by one of (2) and one of (3). Cf. Tennyson's 'O mighty-mouth'd inventor of harmonies.'
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. Alcaïcus, Gr.

Usage

In literature:

He plied Smirke with Latin Sapphics and Alcaics.
"The History of Pendennis" by William Makepeace Thackeray
Haven't I translated them into alcaics?
"The Newcomes" by William Makepeace Thackeray
His metres were lively, and the care which he expended upon his strophes has led to the naming of one metre the 'Alcaic.
"Library of the World's Best Literature, Ancient and Modern, Vol. 1"
Gray's Alcaic ode, 382.
"Notes & Queries, Index of Volume 1" by Various
In the omitted version, mentioned in the beginning of this notice, the epitaph is rendered into Alcaics.
"Notes & Queries, No. 24. Saturday, April 13. 1850" by Various
Tennyson's Milton, in alcaics, is famous, and has a well-marked Miltonic sound, but little of the sound of Horace's alcaics.
"The Principles of English Versification" by Paull Franklin Baum
The model of this variety is not to be found in any of the Alcaic or Tyrtaean remains.
"The Modern Scottish Minstrel, Volumes I-VI." by Various
Gray's Alcaic Ode, 4.
"Notes and Queries, Index of Volume 3, January-June, 1851" by Various
My feet trod the carpet to Horace's Alcaics.
"The Works of Robert Louis Stevenson - Swanston Edition Vol. 20 (of 25)" by Robert Louis Stevenson
Virgilius Mars wrote in hexameters; Horatius Flaccus in alcaic, sapphic, and anapestic verse.
"The Green Book" by Mór Jókai
He plied Smirke with Latin Sapphics and Alcaics.
"A History of Pendennis, Volume 1" by William Makepeace Thackeray
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